# How to calculate median value in pivot table

Learn how to calculate the median value in a pivot table using different writing patterns. This article is a comprehensive guide that will help you understand what a median is, how to calculate it, and how to use it in pivot tables.

pivot table, median, calculation, data analysis, statistics

## How to Calculate Median Value in Pivot Table Using Different Writing Patterns

Pivot tables are a powerful tool for data analysis, and they can help you extract valuable insights from large datasets. One of the most useful features of pivot tables is the ability to calculate the median value of a dataset. In this article, we will show you how to calculate the median value in a pivot table using different writing patterns. This guide is suitable for beginners and experienced data analysts who want to improve their skills.

### What is Median?

Before we dive into the calculation process, let’s define what a median is. In statistics, the median is the middle value of a dataset. It is the number that separates the higher half of the data from the lower half. For example, in a dataset of [1, 2, 3, 4, 5], the median is 3. If the dataset has an even number of values, the median is the average of the two middle values. For example, in a dataset of [1, 2, 3, 4], the median is (2+3)/2 = 2.5.

### Step 1: Create a Pivot Table

The first step in calculating the median value in a pivot table is to create the pivot table. To do this, select the dataset you want to analyze and go to the ‘Insert’ tab in Excel. Click on ‘Pivot Table’ and select the range of data you want to use. Click ‘OK’.

### Step 2: Add Data to the Pivot Table

After creating the pivot table, you need to add the data you want to analyze. Click and drag the relevant columns to the ‘Rows’ and ‘Values’ sections. In our example, we will use a dataset of sales by region and product category. We will add the ‘Region’ column to the ‘Rows’ section and the ‘Sales’ column to the ‘Values’ section.

### Step 3: Choose the Calculation Method

Once you have added the data to the pivot table, you need to choose the calculation method. To calculate the median, click on the ‘Values’ section and choose ‘Value Field Settings’. Select ‘Median’ from the list of calculation methods.

### Step 4: Review the Median Value

After selecting the median calculation method, you will see the median value in the pivot table. In our example, the median sales value for each region and product category will be displayed.

### Using Writing Patterns for Median Calculation

There are different writing patterns you can use to calculate the median value in a pivot table. The most common patterns are: using the MEDIAN function, using the AVERAGE function, and using the PERCENTILE function. Let’s explore each pattern in detail.

### Using the MEDIAN Function

The MEDIAN function is a built-in Excel function that calculates the median value of a dataset. To use this function in a pivot table, you need to follow these steps:

1. Click on the pivot table, and go to the ‘Values’ section.
2. Click on ‘Value Field Settings’ and select ‘Add’.
3. Type ‘Median’ in the name field and enter the formula ‘=MEDIAN([Sales])’.
4. Click on ‘OK’ and review the median values in the pivot table.

### Using the AVERAGE Function

The AVERAGE function is another Excel function that can be used to calculate the median value. To use this function, you need to follow these steps:

1. Click on the pivot table, and go to the ‘Values’ section.
2. Click on ‘Value Field Settings’ and select ‘Add’.
3. Type ‘Median’ in the name field and enter the formula ‘=AVERAGE(IFERROR(SMALL([Sales],(ROW(INDIRECT("1:"&COUNT([Sales])))+1)/2),0),IFERROR(SMALL([Sales],(ROW(INDIRECT("1:"&COUNT([Sales])))+2)/2),0))’.
4. Click on ‘OK’ and review the median values in the pivot table.

### Using the PERCENTILE Function

The PERCENTILE function is an Excel function that calculates the percentile rank of a value in a dataset. To use this function to calculate the median value, you need to follow these steps:

1. Click on the pivot table, and go to the ‘Values’ section.
2. Click on ‘Value Field Settings’ and select ‘Add’.
3. Type ‘Median’ in the name field and enter the formula ‘=PERCENTILE([Sales],0.5)’.
4. Click on ‘OK’ and review the median values in the pivot table.

### Advantages of Using Writing Patterns

Using different writing patterns to calculate the median value in a pivot table has several advantages. For example, it allows you to:

1. Choose the method that works best for your data.
2. Customize the calculation to fit your needs.
3. Improve your data analysis skills by learning different methods.

### Conclusion

In conclusion, calculating the median value in a pivot table is a useful way to analyze large datasets. By following the steps outlined in this article and using different writing patterns, you can quickly and easily calculate the median value of your data. Whether you are a beginner or an experienced data analyst, this guide will help you improve your skills and extract valuable insights from your data.

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